A Mardin bus ticket is required to set off to a city that is home to dozens of different civilizations. The lands that have witnessed different cultures and religions have been a meeting point for many people. There are approximately seven thousand years of history on the territory of the region. It has become a common point for many different religions such as Syriac, Jewish, Muslim and Yazidi. There are many places to see and visit in the lands that bring together different ethnic origins and protect them.
Located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Mardin is one of the indispensable stops for cultural tours. It offers a wide range of options with churches, mosques, monasteries, tombs and unique architectural structures. It is one of the Anatolian cities that must be seen to embark on a historical journey and witness the past closely. Known as the city of tolerance, Mardin has gained a reputation for the hospitality of its local people. It may take about 3 to 4 days to make the most of your trip.
Mardin Castle, also known as Kartal Yuvası, has a history of approximately 1600 years. The exact year of construction of the castle, which was rebuilt by the Hamdanids, is not known. It is located on a hill that dominates Mardin as a location. The castle, located on the rocks, greets the guests with its unique beauty. The castle, which has a view against the Mesopotamian Plain, stands out with its location. The castle, which is one of the symbols of the city, attracts the attention of the guests. According to historical sources and estimates, it is thought to have been built in the 10th century. It has been under many different rulers such as the Sumerians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans.
It is one of the places with the most visitors among the places to visit in Mardin. It continues to be actively used by the Assyrians today. The monastery, which was used as a school and a religious center, is the oldest building representing the Syriac community. The monastery, which is of great importance for Mardin, has 52 Syriac patriarch tombs and patriarch statues at the entrance. Since there were saffron flowers in the area of the monastery, which was built as a sun temple, flowers were added to the mortars. Saffron, which was used to give color, was also effective in getting the name of the monastery.
Although the Assyrians built it as a sun temple, the Romans used it as a fortress. The House of Saints, the Virgin Mary Church and the Domed Church were additionally built. Although it is important as a building used by different civilizations, the ceiling of the building is quite interesting. On the ceiling of Deyrulzafaran Monastery, the stones were brought together using geometric stones without using mortar. The monastery has 3 floors and a courtyard in total. Terrace, portico, church and exhibition area can be visited by the guests.
Mor Behnam Church
Also known as Kırklar Church, Mor Behnam Church has a history dating back to the 6th century. The church built for Mor Behnam and his sister Saro is actively used as an Orthodox church. It became one of the religious centers for Assyrians after 1293. The church, which served as a school between 1799 and 1928, has 3 separate entrance gates. Early Christian architecture can be seen in the church, which has a bell tower and a courtyard. It is one of the historical buildings that are important for Mardin. Due to its location in the center of Mardin, it is one of the places frequently visited by visitors.
It was built by the Artuqid sultan Melik Necmettin Isa in 1385. Zinciriye Madrasa is located in the center of Mardin. Its real name is Sultan Isa Madrasa, but it has been changed to Zinciriye Madrasa by the people. The madrasah, located at the bottom of the Mardin Castle, has two floors. The madrasa, which has a view of the Mesopotamian Plain, draws attention even from very remote locations. The madrasa, which was used as an observatory in the past, is one of the must-see places in the city with its historical importance. The stone carvings in the building attract attention. After reaching the center via Mardin Bus Terminal, you should see Zinciriye Madrasa with its magnificent architecture.
Kasımiye Madrasa, another madrasa located in the center of the city, was completed by Sultan Kasım. The madrasah, which was started to be built during the Artukid period, was completed in the 15th century. The medical emblem on the doors of the madrasa rooms indicates that it was not only a religious center but also a place where medical education was given. It is one of the most impressive historical buildings with its interior and exterior architecture. It was used as a complex where science and religion were taught. Its courtyard with a pool and its two-storey structure are made of brick and cut stone. Kasımiye Madrasa has a history of approximately 800 years and is one of the cultural heritages in Mardin.
Mardin Dara Ancient City
Having information about the city after purchasing a Mardin bus ticket will enable a more accurate route to be created. Must-sees in order to evaluate the visit process efficiently. Information about places should be obtained. Dara Ancient City, one of the important settlements for Mesopotamia, was built in 505 by Emperor Anastasius. There are 4 kilometer walls around the ancient city, which was established as a military base for defense purposes. Castle, church, palace, water cisterns, bazaar, dungeon and armory ruins can be seen today. The majority of the remains found in the archaeological studies in the ancient city of Dara are exhibited in the Mardin Museum. Almost 70% of the ancient city, which is important for Anatolia and Mardin, is still underground. It is one of the legacies to be seen in Mardin.
Virgin Mary Church and Patriarchate
It is one of the most important structures for the Syriac Catholic Community. It is among the belief centers that are frequently flocked by visitors in Mardin. The Patriarchate and the Virgin Mary Church were built at different times. The Virgin Mary Church, which was built in 1986 by the Patriarch of Antioch, Ignatios Antuhan Semhri, and the Patriarchate, which was built in 1895, were restored in 1995. It serves as a museum opened to visitors after the restoration works.
The building, which was built as the Syriac Catholic Patriarchate, was built by the Patriarch of Antioch Ignatios Behman Banni. The Patriarchate, which serves as a religious center, health center, police station and military base, started to serve as a museum after the restoration works. It is a very important museum for Mardin, which makes a name for itself with its historical and cultural richness. The museum, which is among the places to visit in Mardin, is visited with great interest by the guests. In the museum where archaeological and ethnographic artifacts are exhibited, there are many different artifacts from the Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods. Artifacts such as gold, silver, cylinders, copper coins and tablets from different civilizations are included in the exhibitions.
Mardin houses, which are on the list of everyone who comes to see Mardin, are quite famous. They are structures that reflect and keep the city's past alive with its historical structure. It attracts not only domestic but also foreign tourists. The houses, which add a different beauty to the city, are located on the southern slopes of Mazı Mountain. The yellow limestone extracted from the Mardin region was used in the construction of houses built for protection from hot weather. Thanks to the stones used in the houses, which show the stonework in the most beautiful state, it becomes possible to be protected from the cold in the winter and the heat in the summer. Thanks to the Mardin Bus Terminal services, it is possible to reach Mardin houses by using public transportation. It is possible to walk around the region, it is one of the stops that must be seen and visited for the sights that will not get enough of taking pictures.